COVID-19

COVID-19: Symptoms, Preventions & Vaccine

Stay informed and know the facts about COVID-19’s causes, symptoms, diagnosis, preventions and vaccines.

Learn about Gleneagles Hospitals’ care and support during this pandemic that include COVID-19 drive-thru screening services, eHealth telemedicine and safety and preparedness plans.

At Gleneagles Hospital, your health and safety are our priorities.



COVID-19 : Care and Support

Gleneagles Covid-19 Vaccine infographic
COVID-19 Vaccine
COVID-19 Vaccine
Find out all about COVID-19 vaccine and answers to commonly asked questions.
Gleneagles Drive Thru infographic
COVID-19 Drive-thru Screening
COVID-19 Drive-thru Screening
Hospitals listing for COVID-19 Drive-thru screening services & FAQs
Safety Measure Gleneagles Hospital
Private purchase of Sinovac Vaccine
Private purchase of Sinovac Vaccine
Hospitals listing for COVID-19 Private purchase of Sinovac Vaccine
Safety Measure Gleneagles Hospital
Safety Measure
Safety Measure
An extensive Preparedness and Safety Plan to ensure patients and staff are well protected.
Gleneagles Hospital ppv
COVID-19 - PPV
COVID-19 - PPV
IHH is proud to be part of Malaysia’s concerted effort to provide mass vaccination opportunities to the population through the National Immunisation Programme.
Gleneagles Hospital ppv
COVID-19 - Antibody Test
COVID-19 - Antibody Test
Understanding the antibody test
Gleneagles Hospital ehealth
eHealth Virtual Consultation
eHealth Virtual Consultation
An easy to use and secure online platform that connects you to your preferred top specialist from the comfort of home.

What You Should Know About COVID-19

Get information on COVID-19 facts and symptoms, learn how you can reduce the risk of infection, steps you need to take if you have COVID-19 symptoms, download self-care guide and more. It is crucial to learn how to protect your own health and the health of your family members during this pandemic.

1. About COVID-19

There are a few types of Coronavirus. Coronaviruses are types of virus that typically affect the respiratory tract of mammals, including humans. They are associated with the common cold, pneumonia, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and can also affect the gut.

Different types of human coronaviruses vary in the severity of illness they cause and how far they can spread.

Rare but dangerous types include MERS-CoV, which causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV), the coronavirus responsible for SARS.

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus, COVID-19 (previously named ‘2019-nCoV’) has caused an outbreak of respiratory illness. The virus was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak area reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread is occurring.

COVID-19 has been responsible for over 100 million infections globally, causing over 2.5 million deaths.

2. COVID-19 Symptoms

For confirmed COVID-19 infections, reported illnesses have ranged from people with little to no symptoms to people being severely ill. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure:

MOST COMMON SYSTOMS:

  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of taste or smell

LESS COMMON SYSTOMS:

  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Rash on skin
  • Aches and pains
  • Diarrhoea

SERIOUS SYSTOMS:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Loss of speech or mobility

In some cases, the coronavirus does not present any symptoms such as common fever, colds, but the virus itself is present.
Urgent note: Kindly seek immediate medical attention if you have serious symptoms. Always call before visiting your doctor or hospital.

3. How it Spreads

Much is unknown about how COVID-19, a new coronavirus, spreads. Current knowledge is largely based on what is known about similar coronaviruses. Coronaviruses are a large family of virus that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS, and SARS.

Most often, spread from person-to-person happens among close contacts (about 6 feet). Person-to-person spread is thought to occur mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza and other respiratory pathogens spread. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. It’s currently unclear if a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

4. How to Reduce Risk of Infection

It is important to protect yourself and those around you by taking the right precautionary measures to reduce the risk of coronavirus infection. Key steps include;

  • Practice physical distancing (1 – 2 metres apart)
  • Wash your hands often with water and soap or clean it with 60% - 70% alcohol -based gel, foam or liquid sanitizer.
  • Wear protective mask

The Correct Way of Wearing and Removing a Surgical Mask Wearing protective mask is one of the ways to protect us from COVID-19. Face masks help to limit the spread of germs. It is recommended to wear a face mask if you are ill, even at home, to reduce spread of germs and protect others from getting infected. Therefore, it is important to learn how to put on a face mask correctly. A proper surgical or medical face mask consists of three layers with each layer serves specific functions:

  • An outer layer which is hydrophobic or is a fluid-repelling layer
  • A middle layer that is designed to filter germs
  • An inner layer is to absorb moisture, as the air we breathe out contains moisture

The function of the blue or green layer (which is supposed to be facing out) is to prevent germs from sticking to the face mask. If you wear the mask inside out, the moisture from the air will stick onto it, resulting in germs sticking to the mask as well. When you breathe in, the germs will transfer from the outside layer and straight into your lungs.

5. How to Wear a Face Mask

Here are some step-by-step instructions for wearing a surgical mask correctly:

  1. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.
  2. Check the mask to make sure there are no obvious tears or holes in either side of the mask.
  3. Hold the mask with the stiff bendable strip on top, and the coloured side facing outwards.
  4. Depending on the type of mask you are using, wear the mask according to the instruction below:
    • Face Mask with Ear Loops
      1. Hold the mask by the ear loops and place a loop around each ear.
      2. Mould or pinch the nose strip to conform to the shape of your nose.
      3. Pull the bottom of the mask over your mouth and chin
    • Face Mask with Elastic Bands
      1. Hold the mask in your hand with the nosepiece or top of the mask at fingertips, allowing the headbands to hang freely below hands.
      2. Bring the mask to your nose level and pull the top strap over your head so that it rests over the crown of your head.
      3. Pull the bottom strap over your head so that it rests at the nape of your neck.
      4. Mould or pinch the nose strip to conform to the shape of your nose.
      5. Pull the bottom of the mask over your mouth and chin
6. How to Remove a Face Mask

Step-by-step instructions to remove a surgical mask:

  1. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.
  2. Avoid touching the front of the mask because it is contaminated. Only touch the ear loops/ties/band.
  3. Depending on the type of mask you are using, remove the mask according to the instruction below:
    • Face Mask with Ear Loops
      1. Hold both ear loops
      2. Unhook and gently lift to remove the mask
    • Face Mask with Ties
      1. Untie the bottom bow first follow by the top bow
      2. Pull the mask away from you as the ties are loosened
    • Face Mask with Bands
      1. Lift the bottom strap over your head
      2. Pull the top strap over your head.
  4. Throw the mask in the trash.
  5. Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touch anything else.

For the latest information about COVID-19, please visit Ministry of Health Malaysia.
Source: Ministry of Health Malaysia, WHO, CDC




Covid-19 General Information

Gleneagles COVID-19 Self-Care Guide

COVID-19 Self Care Guide

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Gleneagles COVID-19 Self-Care Guide

10 FAQs on COVID-19

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8 Important Steps To Hand Hygiene

8 Important Steps To Hand Hygiene

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Myths on Coronavirus

Myths on Coronavirus

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Your Safety Always Comes First

Your Safety Always Comes First

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How to Wear and Remove A Surgical Mask Correctly

How to Wear and Remove A Surgical Mask Correctly

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Do's and Don'ts to Reduce Risks of Respiratory Infection for Children

Do's and Don'ts to Reduce Risks of Respiratory Infection for Children

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Is it Flu or COVID-19?

Is it Flu or COVID-19?

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5 Ways to care for the elders during COVID-19

5 Ways to care for the elders during COVID-19

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EMERGENCY CONTACT
Gleneagles Hospital Kota Kinabalu
Ambulance / Emergency
+6088 518 911
Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Ambulance / Emergency
+603 4141 3018
Gleneagles Hospital Penang
Ambulance / Emergency
+604 222 9199
Gleneagles Hospital Medini Johor
Ambulance / Emergency
+607 560 1111
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