What is Anterior Knee Pain (Runner’s Knee, Chondromalacia Patellae)?
When the underside of the knee cap (Patella) becomes inflamed, this condition is noted as Anterior Knee Pain and usually affects young people who play sports and older people who overwork their knees. This condition is also usually referred to as Chondromalacia Patella, where malacia means 'softening'.
The common culprits of Anterior Knee Pain are usually attributed to:
- Injury — Trauma to the kneecap, such as a dislocation or fracture
- Overuse — Repetitive stress on your knee joint such as prolonged long distance running or jumping sports
- Poor control of your muscles — When the muscles around the hip and knee doesn't function well to maintain the correct alignment of the kneecap
Typical anterior knee pain presents itself as a dull aching pain in the front of the the knee cap and can be aggravated by:
- Sitting with a bent knee for long periods of time - Walking up or down stairs
Treatment options are usually not serious and straightforward. These can include:
- Avoiding activities that increase the pain such as climbing stairs and running
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Rehabilitation exercises
- Rest, ice, and knee compression