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A branch of internal medicine dealing with the functions and diseases related to the kidneys, nephrologists diagnose and treat kidney diseases such as renal failure, kidney stones and hypertension.

Kidney Screenings

Those who are at high risk due to existing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure or have a family history of kidney problems are advised to undergo regular screening tests. When diagnosed at an early stage, options for early treatment often have a positive outcome before any symptoms become noticeable and the progression of the disease may also be slowed.

Any screenings done at any Gleneagles Hospital offer you nothing short of modern comfort and a team of dedicated and highly trained health care professionals. Once your test results are confirmed, your chosen doctor will go through them with you personally to ensure that you receive nothing but the best available advice and path to recovery.

Blood Pressure Measurement

Renal dysfunction (an early sign of renal failure) is usually highlighted by an increase in blood pressure.

Blood Test for Creatinine

Impaired kidney function is usually detected by an increase in blood creatinine.

Urine Test for Protein

Protein found in the urine tends to highlight issues with the kidney's filtration capacity.

Gleneagles Hospitals Nephrology Treatment Facilities

We are looking forward to welcoming you to quality medical care here at Gleneagles Hospitals.

Our objective is to provide you with nothing short of the best possible results via our sophisticated diagnostic and recovery techniques tailored to fit the individual condition of each and every unique patient.

Gleneagles Hospitals is equipped with state-of-the-art imaging technology as well as a wide range of other diagnostic instruments.

For good general health and the prevention of onset symptoms of kidney impairment, a healthy lifestyle is a must. Please feel free to contact our dedicated multidisciplinary team of nephrological specialists and healthcare professionals for further assistance.

To find out more about our nephrology services, please visit your nearest Gleneagles Hospital.

Treatment Options for Kidney Conditions and Diseases


Typically recommended when chronic kidney disease has reached an advanced stage, a machine will be used to replicate the functions of the kidney.


Some medication may help treat any underlying causes such as diabetes or hypertension, thus helping to relieve your symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

Lifestyle Changes

To ensure optimal health of you and your kidneys, lifestyle changes may be recommended to help control and relieve any symptoms.

How Kidney Conditions are Diagnosed


Cells from the kidney are extracted for thorough examination to determine its condition.

Blood and Urine Tests

To identify any abnormalities related to renal function, the filtration rate will often be analysed and the presence of protein in urine is often taken into consideration.

Family History

Often kidney conditions can be hereditary, so reference to family history for genetic predispositions are often scrutinised.


Sound waves are used to provide visual imagery for specialists to visually examine the physical condition of your kidney.

Kidney Conditions and Symptoms

Renal Cell Carcinoma

Currently the most common kidney cancer type in adults, this condition tends to develop between ages 50 to 70 years.

The initial stages often show no noticeable symptoms, however symptoms occur as the cancer begins to grow in size and depth and tend to include bloody urine, lower back pains, noticable lump in the kidney area, weight loss as well as fatigue.

Chronic to end-stage kidney disease

Symptoms for this condition may vary, however the most common ones include swelling of the face and limbs, vomiting, fatigue, unbearable itching, poor appetite, pale skin, bad breath, urinary tract infections as well as urinary incontinence.

Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) or Diabetic Kidney Disease

Noted as a chronic loss of kidney function in diabetics, this condition tends to escalate to serious complications that can include renal failure.

The most common symptom include protein in the urine, while other symptoms highlight blood pressure, increase need for urination as well as swelling of the ankles.

Fluid and Electrolyte Abnormalities

This symptom is often associated with kidney disease and often develops in those who experience prolonged bouts of vomiting, diarrhea, and in those who already have kidney disease.

Depending on the type of electrolyte that is imbalanced, symptoms can include fluid retention, swelling as well as pain in the face and limbs along with dehydration, thirst, weakness, lightheadedness and fainting.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

A genetic disease that tends to cause growth of cysts in the kidneys, PKD can develop in both children and young adults, especially if they have a family history of PKD.

The most common symptom that tends to show is high blood pressure, while other symptoms highlight urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bloody urine as well as lower back pain.

Acute Kidney Injury

As a sudden and temporary loss of kidney function, acute kidney injury often develops in those who are elderly, sick and possibly in the hospital, though anyone is still susceptible.

The most common symptom is a reduction in urine production, while others highlight swelling in the legs, ankles or feet, fatigue, breathlessness, confusion, nausea and chest pains.


Often developing in those with diabetes and/or high blood pressure, this condition can be an indicator of kidney disease when protein is found present in the urine.

Other symptoms may include foamy urine as well as puffiness and/or swelling of the face and/or limbs as fluid is being retained.


As the blood vessels in the kidney become inflamed, blood is inefficiently filtered and the acute form of this condition can be the result of an infection such as strep throat or lupus. The chronic type is often hereditary.

The most common symptom is presence of protein or blood in the urine, while other symptoms include puffiness of the face and a decreased urine output.

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