Prenatal Care Guide | Gleneagles Hospitals
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Women’s Health

Prenatal Care Guide

20 October 2023 · 5 mins read


Learn about the importance of prenatal care in supporting a healthy pregnancy and what to expect during appointments.

Bringing a new life into the world is a remarkable journey that requires meticulous care and attention. Prenatal care, the cornerstone of ensuring a healthy pregnancy, is a multifaceted approach encompassing medical guidance, tests, and support that every expectant mother deserves. 

In this article, we aim to help you understand when to start prenatal care, what to expect during appointments, the significance of prenatal screening tests, and more. 

Prenatal care refers to the medical attention and guidance provided to pregnant women to safeguard their health. It aims to ensure the well-being of both mother and baby throughout the pregnancy journey. 

This holistic approach involves medical consultations, tests, screenings, and counselling to monitor and manage potential complications that may arise during pregnancy. 

Fundamentally, the core primary goal of prenatal care is to optimise maternal health, detect any health issues early, and foster a healthy environment for the developing foetus.

Benefits and importance of prenatal care

Research from reputable sources like the World Health Organisation (WHO) affirms that receiving proper prenatal care contributes to reducing maternal and infant mortality rates.

Regular prenatal check-ups enable healthcare providers to monitor foetal growth, detect potential congenital disabilities, and manage conditions like gestational diabetes or high blood pressure.

Adequate prenatal care may lead to healthier pregnancies, lower the risk of preterm birth, and enhance overall birth outcomes.

When to start prenatal care

Ideally, prenatal care should commence as soon as you suspect you are pregnant. The National Health Service (NHS) advises that getting in touch with a healthcare provider within the first 8 weeks of pregnancy is optimal.

Early prenatal care allows for timely assessments, necessary vaccinations, and the establishment of a comprehensive care plan.

Frequency of prenatal care visits

The frequency of prenatal care appointments varies based on individual circumstances and risk factors. For instance, those experiencing high-risk pregnancies will require a greater number of prenatal care appointments. Likewise, if you are expecting twins, additional tests may be necessary to monitor the growth of each baby.

The frequency of these appointments will also be contingent on your stage of pregnancy. For the most part, it is recommended to schedule monthly visits during the first 2 trimesters, and more frequent visits during the third trimester.

What to expect during prenatal care appointments

Understanding what transpires during prenatal care appointments can alleviate any concerns you may have. Here is an overview of what to expect.

First prenatal care appointment

The initial visit is typically the longest, involving a comprehensive health assessment.

Your healthcare provider will discuss your past medical history, current health, and family history.

Blood tests, urine tests, and screenings for conditions like anaemia and infections might be conducted. You will also receive guidance on diet, exercise, and prenatal vitamins.

Follow-up prenatal care appointments

Subsequent appointments focus on monitoring your baby's growth, heart rate, and blood pressure. Your healthcare provider will address any questions or concerns you have. Later visits might include discussing birth plans and breastfeeding.

Common prenatal tests and screenings

Prenatal care often involves several tests and screenings to ensure the health of both you and your baby. These may include amniocentesis, ultrasounds, non-invasive prenatal testing, and more. These tests provide insights into your baby's development and can identify potential complications.

Book an appointment at Gleneagles Hospitals

Prenatal care is a pivotal component of a healthy pregnancy journey. By seeking proper medical guidance, adhering to regular appointments, and staying informed about the tests and screenings involved, expectant mothers can optimally ensure the well-being of themselves and their developing babies.

The comprehensive approach of prenatal care not only reduces the risk of complications but also fosters a nurturing environment for your family's future. Remember, every step you take towards prenatal care is a step towards nurturing the future.

Get in touch with us to book an appointment today to consult with our Obstetrics and Gynaecology specialists, or find out more about our Obstetrics and Gynaecology Services at your nearest Gleneagles Hospital.

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