Scoliosis appears as a sideway curvature that shapes into an 'S'. The spine might also be rotated.
These types of Scoliosis includes, the more common ones:
- Congenital Scoliosis, that develops from congenital birth defects in the spine and is often related to other organ defects
- Degenerative Scoliosis is affected by degeneration of the discs that separates the vertebrae or arthritis in the joints that fuses them. This develops during the later stages of life.
- Neuromuscular Scoliosis
- Scoliosis of Unknown Cause (Idiopathic), the most commonest forms of scoliosis, which usually develops in childhood or adolescence
Depending on the condition of Scoliosis, it's not caused by lifting heavy items for example a bag hanging on one side of the shoulder, sports, or outdoor activities, poor posture or sleeping position. Even the lack of certain nutrition such as calcium can be a factor.
There are many symptoms of Scoliosis that are visible and can be diagnosed in early childhood. These include:
- 'S'-shaped curvature in the back when standing
- A tilt in the waistline
- Curving of the body to one side when viewed from the front or back
- One breast showing bigger in size compared to the other
- Scoliosis is essentially visible in younger children when nurses assess the asymmetry of the trunk when the child bends forward
These treatment include:
- Bracing to stop progression of spinal curve; it does not minimize the current curvature condition
- Observation for mild curves less than 25 degrees
- Surgery, suggested for growing children involsing curves that are more than 40 degrees and more tha 50 degree
- To avoid severe curvature
- To improve the exterior appearance
- To minimize discomfort or postural fatigue
- Sitting or standing upright does not improve the condition of Scoliosis